JOHNSON, LYNDON BAINES° (1908–1973), 36th president of the United States. As Democratic floor leader, he opposed President Eisenhower's plan for sanctions against Israel after the 1956 Arab-Israel war. As president, Johnson was extremely effective in pushing through Congress significant and far-reaching liberal measures which were strongly welcomed by Jews and other American minority groups to whom they were of obvious benefit. These "Great Society" programs sought to remove poverty, discrimination, and ignorance, and included important welfare, civil rights, tax reduction, education, and employment legislation. As a result, the customary strong affinity of American Jews for the Democratic Party, especially its liberal wing, continued under the Johnson administration. In the Middle East Johnson proved a friend to Israel. In addition to providing political and economic support, he was instrumental in creating a joint U.S.-Israeli study program for a large water desalinization project to meet Israel's pressing need for more fresh water. In 1966 he met with President Shazar of Israel who was on an unofficial visit to the U.S. At the time of the 1967 Six-Day War, he worked closely with the Soviet Union to prevent a major power confrontation, while at the same time firmly upholding Israel's basic rights. Subsequently he withstood various pressures and continued to uphold Israel's right to have "secure and agreed frontiers" as a precondition to her evacuating territories occupied as a result of the Six-Day War. In 1968 he received the Israel premier levi eshkol . Later that year Johnson announced that he had acceded to Eshkol's request to supply Israel with Phantom jet planes. One of Johnson's close associates was the Texas businessman J. Novy . (Stanley L. Falk)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Johnson,Lyndon Baines — Johnson, Lyndon Baines. 1908 1973. The 36th President of the United States (1963 1969), who succeeded to the office after John F. Kennedy was assassinated. He won the 1964 election but faced increasing criticism over the mounting U.S. involvement …   Universalium

  • Johnson, Lyndon Baines — (1908–73)    36th president of the United States. Johnson’s first involvement with the Middle East conflict was after the Sinai Campaign of 1956. As Democratic majority leader of the Senate, he publicly opposed President Eisenhower’s threat of… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Johnson, Lyndon Baines — ► (1908 73) Político estadounidense. Tras el asesinato de J. Kennedy asumió la presidencia en 1963 y fue elegido en 1964 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Johnson, Lyndon Baines —  (1908–1973) U.S. president (1963–1969) …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Lyndon Baines Johnson — Lyndon B. Johnson, 9. Jan. 1969 Lyndon Baines Johnson (* 27. August 1908 in Stonewall, Texas; † 22. Januar 1973 in San Antonio) war der 36. Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika (1963 bis 1969) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lyndon Baines Johnson — Lyndon Johnson Pour les articles homonymes, voir Johnson. Lyndon Johnson …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lyndon Baines Johnson Library & Museum — Lyndon Baines Johnson Library Museum …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum — Présentation Type Bibliothèque présidentielle Architecte Gordon Bunshaft de Skidmore, Owings and Merrill …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lyndon Baines Johnson Memorial Grove on the Potomac — Lyndon Baines Johnson Memorial Grove on the Potomac …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lyndon Baines Johnson Day — is a legal state holiday in Texas. It falls every year on August 27, to mark the birthday of U.S. President Lyndon Baines Johnson.After Johnson died in 1973, the Texas State Legislature created a legal state holiday to be observed every year on… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.